The pancreas is the second relative to the size of the gland in the human body. It is located above the abdomen, namely, directly behind the stomach. It has an oblong shape and on average its length is less than 24 centimeters.
This organ has a high level of sensitivity, so it responds to all stimuli first. Virtually any process of inflammation in the pancreas in medical terminology is called pancreatitis. Pancreatic symptom may manifest itself in different ways. The cause of this disease also varies.
There are well-known signs of pancreatitis, which require immediate medical attention, as there are diseases that develop on the background of pancreatic inflammation, which in the absence of timely treatment lead to serious consequences for the health of the patient.
Symptoms of pancreatic inflammation
To begin with, it should be said that the symptoms of the disease can, as manifest sharply, and practically not manifest themselves. A common symptom of the manifestation of the disease is spasm of the pancreas, which leads to the appearance of pain. Thus, the promotion of the enzymes necessary for the digestion of beneficial trace elements is blocked and stagnation occurs. As a result of this stagnation, the tissues begin to act on each other, and an ulcer appears on their surface.
Virtually any inflammatory processes in the pancreas lead to the appearance of fibrosis or tissue compaction. This disease, in turn, leads to a deterioration in the quality of echogenicity during an ultrasound scan and the possibility of developing insulinomas or a hormonally active tumor. Fibrosis, as well as pancreatitis, can be asymptomatic, which makes it difficult to timely and correctly diagnose the disease.
Most often, patients report signs of disease such as belching, diarrhea, and bloating. Appetite decreases, against the background of which the patient loses weight. Since all this leads to problems with the digestive system, symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and constipation are observed. In addition, diseases of the pancreas lead to the appearance of dry port or plaque, as well as the appearance of purple spots on the skin.
Impaired functioning of the digestive tract often leads to a delay of excess fluid in the abdomen, while there is dropsy.
Causes of inflammation of the pancreas
Inflammation of the pancreas occurs primarily due to improper lifestyle.
In total, physicians have more than a hundred causes of pancreatic diseases.
Among them, the most common are excessive drinking and addiction to bad habits, such as smoking tobacco.
In addition, the following causes of inflammation in the pancreas are widespread:
- taking certain medications;
- infectious diseases;
- metabolic disease;
- the presence of worms;
- various stomach injuries, etc.
In acute pancreatitis, herpes pains occur suddenly. Attacks of pain can last for hours or several days. In this case, it is necessary to quickly hospitalize the patient and conduct treatment in a hospital under the strict supervision of a doctor.
Chronic pancreatitis manifests itself not so aggressively. However, it has practically irreversible consequences for the human body. As a rule, in the case of the death of the working cells of an organ, connective tissue is created that does not produce hormones and enzymes. As a result, a person may experience intestinal diseases and diabetes.
In extremely rare cases, pancreatic cancer occurs.
Basics of Pancreatitis Treatment
Everyone can have pancreatitis, but, as a rule, these are adults. Despite the presence of a large number of drugs, many are trying to cure this disease with the help of traditional medicine.
Nevertheless, it is worth remembering that acute pancreatitis requires immediate treatment to the doctor and hospitalization. First of all, you need to know how to remove spasm of the pancreas. In the hospital for this purpose are used funds with saline and glucose.
They effectively eliminate intoxication and reduce the effect of dehydration, while it is recommended to abstain from eating and drink plenty of fluids. In some cases, additional antibiotics are required.
In the chronic course of the disease, the doctor prescribes drugs that reduce pain, as well as additional enzymes to help the production of enzymes. In certain cases, it is recommended to take insulin to regulate glucose levels.
The main rule of home treatment of pancreatitis is strict diet, it is recommended to use the following products:
- Dairy products.
- protein foods and lean meat.
- A fish.
- Baked and boiled vegetables.
- Fresh fruits and berries.
- greasy and spicy foods;
- sausages and smoked meats;
- a large number of bakery products;
- carbonated and alcoholic drinks, etc.
We will also have to significantly reduce the consumption of salt.
Pancreatic colic - how to get rid of it?
Spasms of the pancreas causes may be different. If you have to remove sharp stabbing sensations directly at home, it is necessary to seat the patient with a slight inclination forward, to lie on your back is completely contraindicated, since this situation only strengthens the painful sensations. Warm compresses are also contraindicated. It is better to use cold.
Within 24 hours, nutrition is absolutely contraindicated to reduce the load on the pancreas. Oatmeal flakes in small portions will be an excellent start to nutrition after a strict diet. In addition to proper nutrition, colic with pancreatitis helps relieve excessive drinking, while it is better to drink more often and in small amounts. You can drink regular, mineral water, but without gas, herbal teas and decoctions.
To relieve spasm at home, you can use painkillers (for example, paracetamol). You can also use antispasmodic drugs, pancreatic cramp, while significantly reduced. If acute pains have already substantially decreased, use ancillary preparations with enzymes that will relieve the gland.
In general, the treatment of pancreatitis in non-acute forms is carried out using various popular recipes. It should only be remembered that the use of any folk remedies, as well as drugs from a pharmacy, requires prior consultation with a doctor. This is the only way to make sure that you do not cause even more harm to the body instead of treatment.
Chronic pancreatitis has its place in the ICD or the international classification of diseases. This disease requires timely diagnosis and treatment, because flakes in the pancreas often lead to significant complications in health. Treat pancreatic ducts better under the supervision of a physician. However, quite often the choice of the patient falls on treatment at home, while using:
- Specialized drugs that contribute to the regulation of the activity of the pancreas.
- Cold compresses to reduce the sensation of pain;
- Mineral water, which should be taken in large quantities, both for prevention and for treatment.
- Special diet food.
Pancreatitis disease, as well as any other disease, requires timely diagnosis and treatment. If a patient has symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, an abnormal stool and appetite, a feeling of heartburn, pulling and cramping pains under the rib on the right side, you should consult a doctor. Ignoring these symptoms can lead to complications that will require additional treatment.
Late diagnosis, as well as treatment, can lead to multiple complications in a state of health. That is why, if there is the slightest suspicion of a particular disease, contact the doctor directly, who will prescribe the necessary tests, if necessary, consult a specialist and pre-treatment. Thus, you will surely be sure whether this is a “nervous” disorder, or if it is really a disease that requires preliminary diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
How to treat pancreatitis will tell an expert in the video in this article.