A blood pressure of 160 per 100 is not a normal value. With this blood pressure aggravated state of health, there is a violation of the internal organs - the kidneys, liver, brain, heart. BP 120/80 is considered normal, in some cases a deviation of up to 139/89 is allowed, provided that the patient has no symptoms.
With rates of 160 to 110 speak of hypertension of the second degree. It is necessary to establish the causes that can cause pathological growth of blood pressure. Treatment is the use of antihypertensive drugs, in addition, you need to change your lifestyle.
Anxiety, drinking alcohol, severe stress and other factors can provoke a sharp jump in blood pressure. In pregnancy, when blood pressure is 160/110, hospitalization is necessary, because there is a threat to the life of the child.
Consider the danger of pressure 160 to 120 mm Hg, and how to reduce the high rate of pills and folk remedies?
Blood pressure 160/100, what does this mean?
Under the arterial pressure imply the load with which the blood acts on the vascular walls. If a diabetic has AD 160/120, this is second stage arterial hypertension; when 160 / 80-90 is an isolated increase in the systolic index. When the numbers on the tonometer increase to such values, the patient often develops symptoms.
They are harder on men. This is due to their lifestyle - they are more likely to drink alcohol, smoke a lot, experience excessive physical exertion at work, or engage in exhaustion at the gym.
In some patients, at a pressure of 160/120, a hypertensive crisis develops - a pathological condition that leads to severe and irreversible consequences associated with the work of target organs. HELL must be brought down, but gradually. A sharp decrease leads to complications.
With blood pressure 160/120, the following symptoms are observed:
- Dizzy and headache;
- Redness of the skin, especially on the face;
- Shortness of breath, breathing hard;
- Anxiety, panic attack;
- Increased heartbeat;
- Increased heartbeat;
- Painful sensations in the chest.
A pressure of 160 to 110 for diabetes is a serious danger. The first to suffer are blood vessels, veins and capillaries. They decrease elasticity / elasticity, narrowing the lumen, which disrupts blood circulation in the body. If you do not take measures aimed at reducing, then revealed tissue necrosis.
High blood pressure can lead to problems with the kidneys and eyesight, threatens with myocardial infarction and stroke.
Why does blood pressure rise to 160/110?
The development of hypertension in diabetes mellitus is caused by certain disorders of the central nervous system. In men, there is a high risk of hypertension at the age of thirty to sixty years, and in women during menopause. The dominant factor in the occurrence of the disease is a genetic predisposition.
In such patients, an increased permeability of cell membranes is observed, which leads to a pathological increase in the indices on the tonometer. The causes of the disease are divided into organic - they are associated with chronic pathologies and external factors.
To the provoking external factors include constant stress, feelings, excitement. When the body is under stress, there is an increase in the concentration of adrenaline - a hormone that increases the amount of cardiac output and heart rhythm. If there is a burdened heredity or diabetes, then this provokes the development of hypertension.
The immediate causes of GB include:
- Central nervous system diseases.
- Ion-metabolism disorder at the cellular level (the level of potassium and sodium in the blood increases).
- Violation of metabolic processes (for example, in diabetes).
- Atherosclerotic vascular changes.
In atherosclerosis, atherosclerotic plaques are deposited inside the blood vessels - fatty formations that impede the full flow of blood, lead to blockage and serious complications.
Additional risk factors for illness:
- Excess weight;
- Alcohol abuse;
- Excessive salt intake.
Prolonged use of drugs can lead to the development of hypertension in diabetes. These are pills for suppressing appetite (especially important for women who want to lose weight without doing anything), anti-inflammatory properties, oral contraceptives, glucocorticosteroids.
How to quickly normalize blood pressure?
If the pressure is 160 to 80, then it is necessary to reduce the systolic value by at least 15-20%. Ideally, it should be lowered to 120 by 80, but a reduction to 130/80 is allowed. With this value, the pulse difference is almost normal.
Reduce diabetes will help tablet Nifedipine. It is placed under the tongue and dissolve. You can take only in the case when a diabetic previously used the drug to normalize blood pressure. The tool refers to calcium antagonists.
After taking the drug, blood pressure should return to normal within 30-40 minutes. If this does not happen, then you can drink another pill. Then constantly monitor the values on the tonometer. The medicine helps well, but it has a significant disadvantage - sometimes it drastically lowers diabetes and DD, which causes a deterioration in well-being.
- Acute myocardial infarction.
- Cardiogenic shock.
- Sick sinus syndrome.
- Heart failure (uncompensated).
- Stenosis of the aortic valve of the heart.
Gently taken in old age - sixty years and older, with problems with the kidneys and liver, against the background of malignant hypertension. With diabetes, you can take pills. Nifedipine is an emergency measure to reduce blood pressure. To take on an ongoing basis can not. Alternatively, you can use tablets: Propranolol, Kaptopres, Capoten, Captopril.
Captopril is an effective remedy that quickly normalizes blood pressure in diabetes.
Most often, Captopril is taken for a hypertensive crisis or for a sharp increase in diabetes and DD. The tablet is placed under the tongue, held until completely dissolved - this provides a faster result.
Drug treatment of hypertension
A pressure of 160/110 mm Hg is not a normal value. The quick-effect drugs described above help reduce and stabilize the results for 12-24 hours, not more. In order to no longer increase blood pressure, the use of drugs on an ongoing basis is required.
In case of hypertension of the 2nd degree, the patient requires a correction of lifestyle and the use of tablets. Doctors prescribe two or more drugs that belong to different pharmacological groups.
If it was found that the cause of jumps in blood pressure are renal pathology, then additional drugs are recommended to restore the functionality of these. The pharmacological groups of drugs are included in the scheme of drug treatment:
- Calcium antagonists are assigned to diabetics, if the increase in blood pressure is combined with diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors contribute to the expansion of blood vessels, which reduces the systolic and diastolic index;
- Thanks to beta-blockers, it is possible to expand blood vessels - the mechanism of action differs from the effect of ACE inhibitors, and the load on the heart is reduced;
- Diuretic pills remove excess water from the body, which helps reduce blood pressure.
During treatment requires constant monitoring of diabetes and DD. If the blood pressure rises, the treatment regimen is changed - this is done by the doctor.
Folk Therapy for High Pressure
Along with drugs can use folk remedies. The combination of cinnamon and kefir helps to bring down high pressure. In 250 ml of low-fat kefir add a teaspoon of spices, mix. Drink at one time. Drink every day for 2-3 weeks.
Lemon, honey and garlic help reduce the pressure. Grind five cloves of garlic, twist in a meat grinder a few lemons. Mix everything, add some honey. Put in a dark place for 7 days. Take a tablespoon in the morning. Store the "medicine" in the refrigerator.
Reduce blood pressure helps beet juice with the addition of honey. In 100 ml of the drink add ½ honey, mix. Take 1-2 times. In diabetes, be careful not to provoke an increase in blood sugar.
Normalize recipes and DD help folk recipes:
- Take 70 g of crushed root of Deviacela, 30 ml of honey, 50 g of oats (only unpeeled). Rinse the oats thoroughly, pour 5,000 ml of water, bring to a boil over low heat, and infuse for five hours. Oatmeal broth pour chopped root devyasila, again brought to a boil, insist hour. Add honey. Take 100 ml three times a day. The duration of the therapeutic course is 3 weeks.
- Beet and hawthorn juice helps to reduce pressure. Take a tablespoon three times a day. Therapy lasts two weeks.
Treatment of hypertension in diabetes mellitus has certain difficulties, since the two diseases are fraught with various complications. To maintain normal blood pressure and blood sugar it is necessary to follow all the recommendations of the doctor and eat right.
How to stabilize blood pressure will tell the experts in the video in this article.