Diabetes Diet

Pickles in type 2 diabetes: can I eat?

In case of diabetes, the patient is obliged to follow the diet to stabilize the blood sugar level. Foods are selected according to the glycemic index (GI). Just do not forget that the high-calorie food in the menu is reduced to a minimum.

Type 2 diabetics with a well-designed menu can reduce the illness to zero and prevent its development into an insulin-dependent type. Patients of type 1, eating correctly, reduce the risk of glycemia and reduce the number of insulin injections.

Many patients are often interested in doctors - is it possible to pickles with diabetes? An unequivocal answer - you can, but you should follow a few rules in their use. The concept of GI and its importance when choosing foods for the patient’s diet will be given below. Also presented allowed salting and their daily consumption rate.

Glycemic index of pickles

The concept of GI is a digital indicator of the rate of splitting of glucose entering the blood after consuming carbohydrate-containing products. The lower the index, the safer the product.

It is worth knowing that some vegetables and fruits can change their index depending on the consistency and heat treatment (pickles do not raise the GI). Thus, it is forbidden to make juices from permitted fruits, they can raise the blood sugar level by 4 mmol / l in a rather short period of time.

Raw carrots have an index of 35 IU, but if cooked, then 85 IU, which is an unacceptable value for a diabetic menu. Remember that vegetables and fruits bring mashed potatoes to consistency, thereby increasing their index.

GI division into categories:

  • up to 50 IU - products that make up the main diet for diabetes;
  • 50 - 70 U - allowed several times a week in the menu;
  • 70 units and above - under the strictest prohibition.

Salting is allowed from those vegetables that have GI up to 50 U. It is important that when they are preserved, sugar is not consumed.

Permitted Pickles

Salting can be included in the daily diet, just be sure to pay attention to the calorie content of the product. Tomato juice is also considered a kind of conservation. Unlike fruit drinks, it is allowed to drink no more than 200 grams.

Include this juice in the menu should be gradually, starting with 50 ml and bringing within four days a portion to 200 ml. most importantly, monitor blood sugar levels and if the body responds positively to juice, then take it daily for breakfast.

All of these recommendations are suitable for type 2 diabetes. Any discharge from the diet insulin-dependent diabetics should discuss with the endocrinologist.

What salting is possible with diabetes:

  1. cucumbers;
  2. tomatoes;
  3. zucchini;
  4. eggplants (if in conservation there is no vegetable oil);
  5. Bell pepper;
  6. adjika-based plums (in small quantities);
  7. green beans;
  8. complex salads from several types of vegetables.

Separately, you can preserve salted vegetables for diabetics, without sugar.

The benefits of pickles

All the above products have a low GI. But do not forget to take into account their caloric content. So, tomatoes are the most high-calorie vegetables, and it is necessary to limit the use of this product to two pieces per day.

Green beans are not only beneficial, but also beneficial effect on the patient's body. It can slightly reduce blood sugar levels. Not for nothing, there are many popular recipes for the treatment of diabetes namely bean pods. Close it in the pods, and cleaned from them.

Salting perfectly complement one of the meals. Salads are made of them, they are added to the first (pickle) and second courses. It is also possible to use preservation as a snack, adding food with a slice of rye bread or a boiled egg. But do not forget that the allowed number of eggs is not more than one per day. This is due to the increased content of cholesterol in the yolk. The GI of the protein is 0 IU, and the yolk is 50 IU.

Cucumbers, and canned is not an exception, contain a number of useful substances, such as:

  • B vitamins;
  • vitamin C;
  • vitamin PP;
  • zinc;
  • phosphorus;
  • iron;
  • pectins;
  • cellulose.

Pectins and fiber normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract, remove cholesterol from the body, thus preventing the formation of cholesterol plaques. This vegetable is 96% water.

In case of diabetes mellitus zucchini it is better to preserve slices, rather than make caviar of them. This vegetable is low-calorie, easily digested and suppresses the feeling of hunger. Many patients with type 2 diabetes are obese and they should definitely include zucchini in their diet. This is due to the fact that the vegetable stimulates the motor functions of the gastrointestinal tract, that is, enhances the action of gastric juice.

Useful substances in canned zucchini:

  1. B vitamins;
  2. vitamin C;
  3. potassium;
  4. sodium;
  5. iron;
  6. copper;
  7. zinc.

But with the use of zucchini should be careful patients suffering from kidney disease.

Since this vegetable contains an increased amount of potassium.

Onions should be added to complex preservation when more than one vegetable is used in the recipe, and not only because of the low GI. It perfectly complements the taste of pickles. The onion bulb contains the following beneficial substances:

  • vitamin A;
  • vitamin C;
  • vitamin D;
  • B vitamins;
  • vitamin K;
  • magnesium;
  • potassium;
  • copper;
  • selenium;
  • fluorine.

Adequate daily intake of onions prevents the development of atherosclerosis, which insulin-dependent diabetics are prone to. Vegetable removes from the body bad cholesterol. Also onions inhibit the inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract.

Sweet pepper has an index of only 10 IU, it is also low-calorie. Therefore, it is safe to supplement the diet with this canned vegetable. It is a storehouse of vitamins and trace elements. The contained amount of vitamin C exceeds even lemons and currants.

Vitamins and trace elements in bell peppers:

  1. B vitamins;
  2. vitamin C;
  3. vitamin PP;
  4. magnesium;
  5. iodine;
  6. phosphorus;
  7. calcium;
  8. sodium;
  9. alkaloid capsaicin.

It is alkaloid capsaicin that gives pepper its characteristic sweetish taste. It has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract.

Diabetic Nutrition Tips

In case of diabetes mellitus, the patient should radically reconsider the diet in order to prevent the disease from becoming insulin-dependent. When, after every meal, he will be forced to give injections of short or ultrashort insulin.

It is very important to drink at least two liters of fluid a day - this is the minimum value, and more is possible. So, many patients calculate their daily rate based on calorie intake.

Allowed to drink water, green and black teas, coffee, with the addition of cream 10% fat. Juices and compotes should be excluded from the diet. Drinking menu is allowed to diversify decoction. They are not only tasty, but also healthy. For example, a decoction of tangerine crusts in diabetes increases the body's resistance to various infections and soothes the nervous system.

It is prepared very simply:

  1. tear or cut into large pieces the rind of one tangerine;
  2. pour boiling water in the amount of 150 - 200 ml;
  3. let it stand under the lid for at least three to five minutes;
  4. sweetener can be added if desired.

In the season when this citrus is not on the store shelves, it will be reasonable to stock up on tangerine peel. It must be dried and crushed to a state of powder in a blender or coffee grinder just before brewing tea. For one serving you need one teaspoon of such powder.

Up to half of the daily diet of the patient should be vegetables in fresh, stewed or boiled. Of them are prepared and complex side dishes with the addition of meat or fish. Vegetables can be eaten in any of the meals - tomorrow, lunch, snack or dinner.

The following vegetables are allowed:

  • squash;
  • a tomato;
  • squash;
  • eggplant;
  • garlic;
  • all kinds of cabbage;
  • bitter and sweet pepper;
  • dried and fresh peas;
  • onion;
  • lentils.

Taste the quality of vegetables is reasonable to supplement the greens, which is not only tasty, but also useful. Permissible such greens:

  1. parsley;
  2. dill;
  3. spinach;
  4. lettuce leaves;
  5. basil.

From all of the above, we can distinguish the principles of nutrition in diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2:

  • all products of the diet with low GI and low calorie;
  • half of the dishes consist of vegetables;
  • Mandatory daily menu includes vegetables, fruits, cereals and animal products;
  • food fractional, in small portions, five to six times a day;
  • the minimum amount of fluid consumed from two liters;
  • eliminate alcohol - as it can develop hypoglycemia, and even delayed.

Adhering to the rules for choosing foods and nutritional principles of diet therapy, the patient controls blood sugar levels within the normal range and protects himself from the development of complications from diabetes.

The video in this article talks about natural pickles and their benefits.

Watch the video: Healthy Eating for a Diabetic (April 2020).